The Difference Between Stock and Broth

collage of broths and stocks - The Difference Between Stock and Broth What is the difference between broth and stock? It seems like they would virtually be the same thing as they both are a liquid, but there are slight differences. What is the difference? Basically, the difference is in how they are both made or prepared.

Stock is made from the bones and connective tissue of meat, and including vegetables. Though they are removed after the stock is cook, and use in another meal, and the stock is used as a base for soups among other things. Usally a chicken stock is administered when an individual has a cold or flu.

While broth is the cooked liquid with meat and vegetables left in and enjoyed together.

There is a  slight differences between the two, though they could be similar or the same.

What Is Needed to Make a Stock

The following is instructions to make a stock using vegetables along with either beef shanks, or chicken, including wings, back, neck, ribs, and giblets (except the liver). Most stocks are vegetable base only, and meat bones without the meat (in the case of chicken, it would be the leg bones without meat).

vegetable and - or meat stockIdeally for a stock using bones, you want to use bones that are cleaned of all of the meat. This can be hard to achieve in your own home kitchen.

However, you could buy some meat bones (usually beef bones only are found) at your local butcher who has cleaned the bones of all the meat.

To make a stock using beef, first arrange the beef shanks in a single layer in a non greased large shallow roasting pan.

Roast, uncovered, for 45 minutes or until nicely browned. Transfer the shanks and ribs to a stockpot.

Pour off all the fat from the roasting pan, then add 2 cups of  water to the pan and swirl it around, scraping any browned bits of meat or juices. Now add to the stockpot along with the remaining water.

Bring the water to a boil, uncovered, over high heat, skimming off any scum.

Next add the onions, carrots, tomato, garlic cloves, bay leaves, parsley, thyme, and salt. Partially cover and simmer for 3 – 4 hours, occasionally skimming off the scum.

Remove meat and vegetables, set aside. Pour the pot of liquid through a large colander or sieve, setting over a very large heatproof bowl.

Let the stock cool, pour into jars and cover with lid. Put into refrigerate overnight. The next day, discard the fat that has solidified on top. Use your stock within 3 to 4 days.

You could also ladle the cooled stock into ice cube trays, then freeze. Once frozen, place stock cubes in freezer bags or containers for future use.

Do the same above if using chicken, though you do not roast the chicken in the oven. Instead, add the chicken parts to a large stockpot. Add the water and bring to a boil, uncovered over high heat, skimming off any scum.

Next add the remaining ingredients, and simmer for 3 hours. Also at this point, you can add fresh herbs if you would like, but this is optional and not at all necessary for making a good stock, as you don’t want to dilute the flavors of the carcass.

Next, do the same with the cooked stock, chicken parts and vegetables, as the same with the beef stock, just before straining.

hearty brothWhat Is Needed to Make a Broth

Here’s how to make a broth using beef or chicken.

Heat some cooking oil in a large stockpot over medium heat. Add vegetables like garlic, onions, celery, and carrots. Cook the vegetables until softened.

Add 8 cups of water, with bay leaves, parsley, and thyme. Reduce heat to low and simmer, partially covered, for 45 minutes, or until meat is cook through.

When broth is cooked, you can go a step further for a more hearty broth by adding some cooked rice, noodles or legumes.

When to Use Your Stock Or Broth

The difference between stock and broth, is a stock is the liquid produced by simmering raw ingredients, with the removal of the solids (meat and vegetables), leaving a highly flavored liquid. You can also chose to make a broth without meat.

broth with vegetables and pasta The stock can be used as a base for many things like soup, gravies, and sauces among others.

Were as broth is a basic soup, where the solid pieces, the meat and vegetables, remain. A broth is often made more substantial by adding rice, barley, legumes, and even pasta. You can also make a broth without meat.

As you can see, there is a difference between stock and broth, though the way in how they are made are very slightly similar.

Here are some great soup recipes to try from the archives of Splendid Recipes and More

Red Kale Cannellini Beans and Chorizo Soup

Chicken Curry Soup

Chicken Tortilla Soup

Sausage and Tortellini Soup

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National Hot Sauce Day

tabasco sauce homemade in small glass bottle - National Hot Sauce DayChili peppers and other hot spices have been discovered and used by humans for thousands of years. The peoples of Mexico, Central America and South America have used chili peppers for more than 6,000 years, either used in culinary dishes, or in religious rites.

The chili peppers were discovered in the America’s in the 16th century, and taken to Europe and on into Africa and Asia.

The chili pepper has been altered over the years through selective breeding. The first known commercially bottled hot sauces in North America appeared in Massachusetts (USA) in 1807.

scoville Scale of hot peppers The well known “Tabasco sauce” appeared in 1868 in the United States, and i2010 to present, Tabasco sauce was number 13 on the best-selling list of condiments sold in the United States.

Frank’s Red Hot Sauce is a formulated sauce for use with the creation of Buffalo wings, and is the 12th best-selling hot sauce.

According to the Scoville scale, the Ghost pepper and Habanero pepper are used to make the hotter sauces with pure capsaicin extract and mustard oil added for extra heat.

The 2001 published book “The Handbook of Herbs and Spices,” is used as a standard reference for all manufacturers using herbs and spices, including the chili pepper in their products, and the book notes the Carolina Reaper as the world’s current hottest pepper.

The Carolina Reaper appears in the Guinness World Records since August 7, 2013 as the world’s current hottest pepper, with an average heat level of over 1,400,000.

One unchangeable and not widely known fact about the chili pepper…is they are a fruit. Yes most chili peppers can contain up to 170% of your daily need for vitamin-C.

But not to worry, the bell pepper is the sweeties pepper, and you need only 1 whole medium pepper or 3 mini-sweet peppers to receive your daily vitamin-C needs, without the heat.

Here’s a recipe we found by the Insane Chicken to celebrate this day, National Hot Sauce Day. make the pepper sauce if you dare in your own kitchen, or you can purchase it. The Zest Fest name the sauce a 2015 Golden Chili Winner (check out their website…featuring ZestFest 2016  – January 29-31 zestfest.net).

bottled ghost pepper and Pineapple by Sweet Heat GourmetPineapple Ghost Pepper Sauce Recipe

8 ounces pineapple, cubed

2 ghost peppers

1/2 small onion, 6 ounces cubed

1/2 carrot, 3 ounces rough chopped

1/2 ounce golden raisin, 1/4 cup

2 cloves garlic, 1 ounce

1/2 lime, zest and meat the white pith discarded

1/4 ounce ginger, rough chopped

1/4 teaspoon turmeric

1/4 ounce cumin

1/8 teaspoon cinnamon

1/8 cup sugar

1/2 tablespoon salt

3/4 cup vinegar

Place all but the vinegar in a food processor and pulse till pureed. Add to pot with vinegar and cook 15 minutes. If needed blend again for a smooth sauce.

Fill hot sauce into sterilized hot bottles or jars.

Place in a hot water bath for 10 minutes.

Let age for at least 1 week.

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Curried Chicken With Dried Cherries

Curried Chicken and Dried Cherries - over head viewHave you ever heard of the Curry Tree? It is a tropical to sub-tropical tree in the rue family, which also includes the citrus. The tree is native to India and Sri Lanka.

Curry Leaf Tree

curry leaves in a skillet with olive oil

Curry Leaves In A Skillet With Olive Oil

The leaves of the curry tree are used in many Indian dishes. The “sweet neem leaves” are often used in curries, as they (the leaves) are highly valued as a seasoning in southern and west-coast Indian cooking, as well as Sri Lankan cooking .

The leaves when used in curry dishes are add with the chopped onion in the first stage of the preparation of the curry dish.

potted curry leaf tree

Image Credit: Garden Amateur

The tree can be home-raised as a potted plant as it is easily grown in warmer areas of the world, or in containers where the climate is not supportive outdoors. In this image is a potted Curry tree in the yard of an Australian gardener.

Our featured dish is  – Curried Chicken With Dried Cherries – and here is what you will need, and no you will not need to hunt down some curry leaves. Unless you have a tree and want to add some leaves to the dish we are featuring.

3/4 pound skinless, boneless chicken thighs, cut into 1-inch chunks 

1 tablespoon plus 1 teaspoon avocado oil

1 small red or purple onion, thinly sliced

2 ribs celery, sliced

1/2 cup fresh water or chicken broth

1/3 cup chopped dried cherries

1 1/2 teaspoons curry powder

1/2 to 1 teaspoon Himalayan Salt (optional)

1/2 teaspoon black pepper

1/3 cup heavy cream

2 tablespoons flour

cooking chicken meatIn a large ceramic coated skillet or cast iron skillet, heat 1 tablespoon of avocado oil over medium-high heat. Add the chicken and cook, stir occasionally until meat is oblique colored and just cooked through, about 5 minutes. Transfer the chicken to a plate, and set aside.

cooking onions and celeryTo the same pan add the 1 teaspoon of avocado oil and heat over medium-high heat. Add the onion and sliced celery and cook, stirring for 3 minutes.

adding curry and dried cherriesNext add the cherries and 1/2 cup water and bring to a light boil. Next stir in the curry powder, salt and pepper.

Next, pour in the cream and mix in. You can also use coconut milk, which is used in traditional Indian dishes. When making this dish, we didn’t have any coconut milk, but we did have some heavy cream.

adding in chicken meat to curry mixNext add the cooked chicken along with any juices and mix in.

Curried Chicken and Dried CherriesServe over rice, couscous or eat as is.

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Roasted Chicken With Chipotle Cinnamon Orange Glaze 

Roasted Chicken With Chipotle Cinnamon Orange Glaze The Scovilla scale is the measurement of how hot or spicy a chilli pepper is. The scale was first used in 1912 and named after its inventor Wilbur Scovilla.

According to the scale chipotles are between 3,000 to 10,000 SHU (Scovilla heat units), and that means a hot chili.

The word chipotle is derived from chilpoctli an Aztec word, and is a smoked red dried jalapeño chili from Mexico.

The chili is used in Mexican prepared foods as well as Mexican-American, Tex-Mex, and prepared dishes of the southwestern parts of the US, like New Mexico (Link Here for more information about Mexican vs. Tex-Mex: What Is The Difference?).

Chipotle Cinnamon Orange Glaze Our featured recipe is an inspiration as it uses the chili to glaze the chicken. We found the recipe in Novembers issue (2014) of “Good Housekeeping.” The glaze is prepared to use while roasting a turkey.

We thought why not test it on some chicken breasts and see if our palate could endure the spice while eating the roasted poultry, and if so, it would be used to roast a turkey.

Our featured recipe is Baked Chicken With Chipotle Cinnamon Orange Glaze, and here is what you will need.

Chipotle Cinnamon Orange Glaze

1 teaspoon chipotle in adobe
Juice from 1/2 an orange
1 1/2 teaspoon raw honey
1 teaspoon extra virgin olive oil
1 to 2 garlic cloves
2 teaspoons orange zest
1/2 teaspoon powdered cinnamon
1/4 teaspoon Himalayan salt

Blend together in a blender until smooth.

This recipe was reduced down to accommodate four (4) chicken breasts. For the full recipe to roast a turkey link here: Good Housekeeping.

Now let’s glaze some chicken with that Chipotle Cinnamon Orange Glaze.

preparing chicken breastsUsing a fork or knife, poke holes all over each chicken breast. You can use breast’s with the skin on, but as you can see we have some with the skin removed.

raw chicken breast wih Chipotle Cinnamon Orange Glaze Next, spoon on some sauce or glaze and spread out over the meat. Set aside for about 30 to 40 minutes and allow the flavor of the spices to absorb in.

putting chicken breasts with Chipotle Cinnamon Orange Glaze in oven to roastPlace chicken into a 350 degree preheated oven for for 40 minutes or until internal chicken temperature is 165 degrees.

Roasted Chicken With Chipotle Cinnamon Orange Glaze on a platterPlace the roasted chicken breasts on a platter and serve with an appropriate side dish. Link Here for some suggestions.

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Italian Five Cheese Chicken Roll Ups

Italian Five Cheese Chicken Roll UpsWith little more than your favorite spaghetti sauce (we used a sauce made with cream and vodka – from the Whole Foods Market), cream cheese and a shredded Italian cheese blend, you can have yourself some chicken roll-ups. They are super easy to prepare.

Here is what you will need:

2 oz. of cream cheese softened

¼ cup bell pepper; diced (red, yellow, orange, green, use all colors, or your choice – we buy tri-colored frozen bell peppers)

¼ tsp. garlic powder

4 chicken breasts; boneless skinless

1 cup Italian 5-cheese blend, finely shredded

½ teaspoon dried oregano leaves

1 cup spaghetti sauce (your favorite)

salt to taste, optional

Heat oven to 400°

ingredients for Italian Five Cheese Chicken Roll Ups

 

mix ingredients  togetherIn a medium bowl mix cream cheese, ½ cup of cheese, bell pepper, oregano, garlic and salt to taste.

When we salt in our recipes, it is always use Himalayan salt.

After you mix up the ingredients, set aside.

slicing chicken breast and flatting it with a robber mallet

Cut chicken long ways across breast. Place each cut chicken piece one at a time in a large plastic bag, seal it and with a rubber mallet or rolling pin flatten chicken to ¼-inch thicknesses.

preparing chicken roll ups

At one end of chicken strip roll up with cheese mixture, tucking in ends around filling to completely enclose the filling.

Place seam sides down in 13 x 19 inch baking dish coated with olive oil. Pour spaghetti sauce evenly over chicken, and cover with aluminum foil.

chicken roll ups out of the ovenPlace in preheated oven and bake for 30 minutes or until chicken is cooked through.

Remove foil, sprinkle chicken with remaining ½ cup shredded cheese. Bake an additional 3 to 5 minutes or until cheese is melted.

 

 

 

Italian Five Cheese Chicken Roll UpsPlate and enjoy your Italian Five Cheese Chicken Roll Ups with a salad or your favorite vegetable.

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Green Curry Chicken

Green Curry Chicken

Most curry dishes use a curry paste which is a pureed blend of beautiful smelling or aromatic spices, herbs, and vegetables. It is widely used as an ingredient in the cuisines of many cultures to make curries, stews, and other dishes. Most of the time though, Indian food comes to mind when you talk about curry. There are many different types of curry pastes, and each country’s blend has a distinct flavor.

The common spices used are cinnamon, allspice, nutmeg, cloves, coriander, cardamon, cumin, fenugreek, fennel, ginger, garlic, lemongrass, and onion. The base ingredient to start a curry paste is turmeric, which makes a yellow curry. Red pepper is added to make a red curry, and cilantro is added to make a green curry paste.

Using all of these ingredients makes for a healthy meal. To learn more about the healthy side of these culinary spices link here – Spice and Herbs Benefits -.

Our featured recipe uses green curry, and here is what you will need.

1 lb. rice noodles, cooked

1 pound (1-inch) cubed chicken breast tenders

½ lb. cut green beans, steamed

2 cups tricolor pre-chopped bell pepper mix

Oils to Use for Healthy Cooking - avocado oil or coconut oil2 to 3 teaspoons green curry paste

1 (14-ounce) can light coconut milk, divided

Cooking oil, avocado oil or coconut oil ————->

Steam green beans first, about 5 minutes, then remove steaming basket and use boiling water to cook rice noodles according to package directions. Set both aside when done. Rinse rice noodles when cooked.

 

Chicken cooking in coconut oil and green curry sauce - Green Curry ChickenHeat a large nonstick skillet over medium-high heat. Coat pan with cooking oil. Add chicken to pan and sauté 4 minutes or until chicken is lightly browned. Stir in curry paste and cook 1 minute more, stirring frequently.

Meat and Vegetable Mix for Green curry Chicken

Stir in 1 cup coconut milk and bring to a boil. Reduce heat, and simmer 4 minutes or until chicken is done, stirring occasionally.

Stir in bell pepper mix, and remaining coconut milk. Cook 3 minutes or until peppers are tender. Add steamed green beans and mix in. Add ½ teaspoon of Himalayan salt (optional).

showing the details of the Meat and Vegetable Mix for Green curry ChickenThere are 3 rules to a good meal. Besides flavor and smell, can you SEE what else makes a good meal appealing? Leave a comment below to let us know if you can guess the third rule of a good meal.

Green Curry ChickenPlate the rice noodles and top with Green Curry Chicken. If you wish top that with cilantro or with fresh basil as we did here. If you find the rice noodles to sticky, just take a plate one serving at a time and run warm water over it. Shake it dry and plate it. Enjoy!!

 

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Spanish Chicken Salad

Spanish Chicken Salad

Paprika is used to garnish many foods we prepare. Like soups and deviled eggs, also for flavoring potato and pasta salads. It is also used in BBQ. Most of the prepared seasonings that are store bought for marinating meats have paprika in it.

The paprika we are accustomed to using is the sweet Hungarian paprika. Paprika comes from the pods of Capsicum annuum peppers that are dried and crushed to form the powdery spice.

The sweet red chili peppers are originally native to North and South America. But today, most paprika comes from Spain, South America, California and Hungary.

Besides the sweet Hungarian paprika that is commonly used , there is the Spanish Hot paprika or smoked paprika. Dose it make a difference in your recipe the use of paprika (the classic sweet) to smoked paprika?

Yes it does matter. Most recipes use the sweet paprika that we reach for in our spice cabinet. It is derived from the sweet red chili peppers and labeled “paprika”. But smoked Spanish paprika requires the peppers be smoked, usually with oak wood, prior to processing.

Smoked paprika has a distinct flavor after being smoked. As an example smoked paprika is essential for Mexican chorizo sausage. If you used regular paprika, the chorizo would not taste the same.

Paprika as for any spice has a two fold purpose when we use them. One side is the flavor spices give to our recipe and the other side is for health reasons. Any spice including paprika when consumed stimulates enzymes in our digestive system to fight off inflammation as will as bad bacteria, just to name a few good healthy reasons.

If you are interested in making your own home-made Smoked Paprika click here to find out how: How to Make Smoked Paprika.

Now for the featured recipe Spanish Chicken Salad and here is what you will need:

ingredients-for-Spanish-Chicken-Salad1/4 cup olive oil + 2 tsps.

3/4 cup slivered almonds, toasted

2 cloves garlic, minced

1 tsp. paprika, Spanish smoked

2 tbsp. balsamic vinegar

2 tbsp. mayonnaise

16 oz. mix lettuce greens

4 cups cooked chicken

2 roasted bell pepper slices, cut into smaller slices

toasting-slivered-almonds-for-Spanish-Chicken-SaladIn a frying pan over medium heat, warm 2 teaspoons of oil. Add the almonds and toast, stirring until they are crisp and golden. This should take about 5 to 7 minutes. When you start to smell them toasting, remove the pan from the burner. If you continue to toast them, they will burn.

plating toasted almonds - putting aside - Spanish Chicken SaladWhen you remove them from the burner, transfer them to a plate and set aside.

preparing-chicken-breast-for-the-Spanish-Chicken-SaladTo prepare the chicken breast, pour one cup of chicken broth and one cup of water into a medium stock pot. Place 4 chicken breasts into stock pot and cook on medium heat until the chicken has reached an internal temperature of 165 to 170 degrees.

Remove from pot, set aside and let cool. Once cooled chopped chicken into 1 inch chunks.

whisking-in-oil-gradually.jpgIn a large bowl, whisk together the garlic, smoked paprika,vinegar, mayonnaise and option 1/2 tsp. salt, pinch of pepper. Gradually whisk in the 1/4 cup of oil and mix up until well incorporated.

slicing-roasted-red-bell-peppers.jpgSlice the roasted red bell pepper and set aside.

Mixing-the-coated-chicken-toasted-almonds-with-the-greens-to-make-Spanish-Chicken-SaladIn the bowl with the vinaigrette add the chicken, and roasted bell peppers and stir to coat evenly.

Spanish Chicken SaladPlate and serve.

You can plate to the side some shredded Jack cheese and sliced roasted bell pepper, for extra toppings.

Read more about spices at the Health News Library: Spices – Useful for More Than Just Culinary

Sources:

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Types Of Paprika

Paprika Vs. Smoked Paprika

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